Posts Tagged ‘Thompson Writing Program’

One quirky aspect of English is the pronunciation of its “ed” endings. For each group of words below, consider: Does “ed” form its own separate syllable?  And what is its sound?
Group 1:  Walked, laughed, danced, faked  ed

Group 2:  Waved, learned, dubbed, fused

Group 3:  Weighed, lied, delayed, followed

Group 4:  Wanted, loaded, dated, faded

What patterns do you notice about the “ed” endings for each group? In typical U.S. pronunciation, “ed” creates a syllable in the group 4 words, but not in the others. The sounds of the various endings? For group 1, the “ed” has a “t” sound. For groups 2 and 3, a “d” sound. And for group 4, “id” as in “hid.”

What determines that ending sound? The sound just before “ed.” The roots of group 1 words end in the voiceless sounds of “k,” “f,” and “s” as in danced. But the roots of the Group 2 and 3 words end in sounds that are voiced (vocal cords/folds vibrate). And the Group 4 roots end in “d” or “t” sounds, which lead to an “id” ending.

Those are the basic guidelines. Exceptions? Yes, of course! Some “ed” adjectives can be pronounced in two ways. Think of blessed, beloved, cursed. When you say these words, you can pronounce “ed” as a separate syllable or not. Using a separate syllable sounds more poetic, perhaps even Shakespearean.

Other exceptions? You can have a learned (one syllable) behavior or a learned (educated, two syllables) woman. We say well-aged (one syllable) wine and cheese, but aged (two syllables) citizens. And some adjectives, including naked, ragged, rugged, sacred, wicked, and wretched, have “ed” pronounced as a syllable even though it seems the guidelines above might apply. No corresponding verb (nake, rug, wick) seems to exist today for some of these, but etymology sites show that nake was once a verb. Who knew?!

Rene D. Caputo
Duke University Lecturing fellow and ESL specialist
Thompson Writing Program




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      (photo credit:  Rene D. Caputo)

On the heels of the presidential election debate, our International Conversation Café participants were curious about voting issues, asking: When can someone vote in the U.S.?

We learned that the voting age is 18 in France, Japan, and the United States, but is 19 in South Korea. I asked participants if Koreans are still considered one year old on the day they are born. And the answer was yes! Thus, the Korean age of nineteen closely aligns with the eighteen of some countries.

On what day do French and (most) Japanese citizens vote? Sunday. And in France there are no political ads on television, we heard. Just slightly different from in the U.S.

Can you name a state with many electoral votes? Our participants correctly identified California and New York as states having a large number of electoral votes. This site shows how many electoral votes (of the 538 total) each state has and forecasts who will win where.  Other predictions are here ~ click on a state for details.

And what’s a swing state? The majority of voters in a swing state might vote for a Democrat in one presidential election and a Republican in the next. That’s what happened in North Carolina in the past two presidential elections. In the maps linked above, swing states are those not in dark blue or red. More on North Carolina’s voting history.

That’s a snippet from today’s conversation.  But when might you travel to the NC mountains to see beautiful autumn leaves before they? That came up last week. Look at this forecast on where to visit when for seeing peak fall leaf colors.

And come join our conversation next Thursday. Griffith Board Room, on the main floor of the Bryan Center, 12:30 to 1:30.

Rene D. Caputo, Duke University ESL Specialist
Thompson Writing Program and Writing Studio

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The leaves are falling as rain showers continue here in Durham, NC. And two gas stations near Duke University show a price of $0.00 in bright numbers. No, it’s not a dream world, but instead is due to the pipeline break further south. And life continues on…

Speaking of continuing on, our International Conversation Café gathering resumes its weekly run tomorrow. Join us in Griffith Board Room, Bryan Center main floor, at 12:30!

We recently hosted 10 participants whose homelands included Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, and South Korea. We chatted about the Centerfest street fair and the Durham farmers market, held year round. Duke’s own farmers market came up as well, but that’s now wrapping up for the season.

Participants traded ideas about studios offering Pilates and yoga, then discussed several beach destinations (Wrightsville Beach, Topsail Island, the Outer Banks) to consider for coastal adventures. Other topics jumped in along the way.

Upcoming conversation gatherings: Thursdays, September 22 and 29th, then October 6 and 13. Duke University students, visiting scholars and researchers, staff, faculty, and spouses are welcome.  No registration is necessary. Griffith Board Room, Bryan Center main floor, 12:30 to 1:30.  Come join us!

Rene D. Caputo, Duke University ESL Specialist
Thompson Writing Program and Writing Studio

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Our International Conversation Café got off to a great start on Thursday, with nine participants from around the world ~ plus me. What came up?

Romance Studies: A Parisian participant talked a little about his field. And about how some people were not sure what “romance studies” actually meant. Laughter ensued.

Labor Day: Participants were used to celebrating in May. And without classes! Chinese participants said that workers there would typically get one day off in addition to the weekend (and that the holiday was previously longer).

How to improve speaking & conversation skills? After various conversation opportunities were highlighted, I suggested using a Writing Studio handout I created. http://twp.duke.edu/uploads/media_items/listening-conversation.original.pdf

And how about writing skills? Two student attendees learned about Writing Studio appointments: http://twp.duke.edu/twp-writing-studio

We wrapped things up with by chatting for a bit about various street fairs and other entertainment in the area, including:

Happy fall semester, Rene

Rene Caputo
Duke ESL Specialist, Thompson Writing Program
Instructor, English for International Students

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In our International Conversation Café gathering today, we talked about everyone’s spring break, the basketball craze, and upcoming holidays.

March Madness…Yes, the craziness surrounding the basketball tournaments of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is back! If you want to play with brackets for the games, below are links for you.

ESPN bracket website for the NCAA men’s basketball tournament: http://games.espn.go.com/tournament-challenge-bracket/2015/en/game  You likely need to create an ESPN account to participate.

Men’s basketball bracket to print:  http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/03/15/march-madness-2015-bracket_n_6874646.html

Women’s bracket for you: http://fansided.com/2015/03/16/printable-2015-ncaa-womens-tournament-bracket/

After discussing why Duke University’s team was in a group that did not include the University of Carolina, among other things, we moved on to answer questions about our springtime holidays. Below are links to local events that you might want to attend.

If you’re in the mood to check out an egg hunt (suitable for children), here’s one in Hillsborough, March 28 or March 29, depending on the weather: http://www.townofchapelhill.org/town-hall/departments-services/parks-recreation/festivals-events/children-s-egg-hunt

Easter sunrise service, Duke Gardens:

Duke Chapel events: https://chapel.duke.edu/events

Passover events at Duke: http://bestevents.us/durham-passover-at-duke-2015/320460

Our conversation group will be back in two weeks, on April 2!   Next week, I will be busy giving a presentation at the TESOL International Conference with a colleague.

All the best,
Rene Caputo
ESL Specialist, Thompson Writing Program
Instructor, Duke Graduate School

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A lively group came together for our International Conversation Café gathering yesterday. Ten participants, from Australia, China, Japan, South Korea, Turkey ~ plus me, from the United States via Italy and Japan. We started off by playing with idiomatic, metaphorical language related to food and eating, including: He’s a peach (he’s nice, sweet), that’s a piece of cake (that’s easy), and that’s not my cup of tea (I don’t like that). Then we got to a good/bad apple or egg. In Japan and South Korea, we learned, an orange might be mentioned instead.

In South Korea, a watermelon would represent someone who was untrustworthy, as the colors inside and out are so distinctly different. The big cheese, someone important, would be a big bowl in Turkey.  And someone who eats little could be a bird (U.S.), a rabbit (Australia), or a turtle (China) while someone who eats a lot might be a bear (Turkey) or a wolf/tiger/dog (China).

I love these peeks inside other cultures. Ready for more food idioms? Check out:

We then talked about how food has shifted in the Triangle of North Carolina. Years ago, it was impossible to find sushi here!  And fresh bagels were unheard of; there were only Lender’s Bagels, found in the freezer section of the grocery store. This history offers details on bagels from ancient times through to the Lender family and today: http://www.slate.com/articles/life/food/2008/11/a_short_history_of_the_bagel.html   Short: http://homecooking.about.com/od/foodhistory/a/bagelhistory.htm

Finally, in touching on the Super Bowl, one participant mentioned being told he’d have an 1.5 hour wait to get “buffalo wings” that day.  He ate something else, not surprisingly!  In wrapping up, we learned that Australian football is different not only from U.S. football, but also from soccer. Check it out on YouTube, our Australian participant advised.  I might just do that!

Perhaps we’ll see you next Thursday, when our group meets again in Duke’s Bryan Center, Griffith Board Room, 12:30.

Until then, Rene

Rene Caputo
ESL Specialist, Thompson Writing Program

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Our International Conversation Café gathers on Thursday afternoons. And today, we covered an incredibly wide range of topics. Read on and you can imagine you were with us there.

Chapel Hill Halloween: Friday, Oct. 31, 9 pm to midnight. Want to join the large crowd of people walking around and looking at everyone’s costumes? Be prepared to walk for a while from wherever you park. And do not bring alcohol or anything that looks like a weapon. Read the details here…and stay alert if you go: http://www.townofchapelhill.org/town-hall/departments-services/parks-recreation/festivals-events/homegrown-halloween (Downtown Franklin Street). See a video from 2013 here: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LWsCH6qSMRg

University Mall Trick or Treating: Friday, Oct., 31, 5 to 7 pm. Children up to 12 years old are invited to enjoy this indoor event: http://www.universitymallnc.com/event/university-mall-spooktacular/2145445717 (201 South Estes Drive, Chapel Hill)

Carrboro Halloween Carnival: Friday, Oct. 31. This is a family-friendly outdoor event held beside town hall. The Carrboro Recreation and Parks Facebook site says it “will be held from 6:00pm – 8:30pm on October 31st at Carrboro Town Commons. Children will have the opportunity to make a craft and win prizes playing a variety of carnival games. Popcorn, Cider, Hot Chocolate will be available for purchase at the concession booth.” (301 West Main Street, Carrboro)

The Day of the Dead is a time to remember those who have departed. Learn about this traditional early November observance as celebrated in Peru: http://enperublog.com/2011/11/29/day-of-the-dead-in-peru/  And in Mexico: http://www.mexicansugarskull.com/support/dodhistory.html

Perhaps you will see some devil costumes on Halloween. Do you know where the name Blue Devils came from? Find out in The Story of the Duke Mascot on the Duke Libraries website. Learn the origin of the name Blue Devils and see if people were worried about having a devil as a mascot. http://library.duke.edu/rubenstein/uarchives/history/articles/bluedevil

And now, food! One person asked today how we could make light (not dense and heavy) Irish Soda Bread. I said that the key was to not mix the ingredients together for very long and to not handle the dough (flour mixture) much. I have not tested these recipes, but reading them makes me want to bake some soda bread.

Basic soda bread recipe with video: (Remember: Do not mix it much. And just knead it for a few seconds. You can cut the top with a knife. And you could add a bit of currants or raisins if desired.) http://www.joyofbaking.com/IrishSodaBread.html

Recipes that explain the details well: http://www.dochara.com/the-irish/food-recipes/irish-soda-bread/ Brown bread: http://www.dochara.com/the-irish/food-recipes/irish-brown-bread/  From a famous chef, this one includes butter, egg, and yes, currants:

While we’re on food, one participant asked where she might find cookies made with ginger (as I’d brought some with me) in Durham. I suggested looking for ginger snaps in the cookie aisle.   Not surprisingly, there are plenty of recipes for ginger snaps online.

On a more serious note, there are many recent stories online about Ukraine’s election and its gas deal with Russia. Here’s one story about the gas deal: http://www.reuters.com/article/2014/10/30/us-ukraine-crisis-gas-idUSKBN0II0XQ20141030

And finally, don’t forget to turn your clocks back when you go to bed this Saturday night or Sunday morning. It’s that time again. (Note: Computers and cell phones usually adjust themselves.)

Join us next Thursday at 12:30 for the next conversation gathering in the Bryan Center’s Griffith Board Room.

Enjoy the fall….and the Halloween festivities!
Rene Caputo

Duke ESL Specialist
Thompson Writing Program

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